Final consonant deletion target words for dating
As part of a larger study of Cross-Dialectal Comprehension at the Penn Linguistics Laboratory, a large body of examples of naturally occurring misunderstandings were collected. It may be that Kahn and Kenstowicz are wrong. Phrase-final consonants are not deleted.
These are the exact cases that resyllabification as developed in Kahn was intended to deal with. After considerable discussion, it appeared that binary implicational scales must be replaced by n-ary scales with more quantitative information. Once such questions have been raised, and clearly formulated, the chief purpose of the model has been achieved. The dependent variable The analysis of the td variable follows the criteria developed in the long history outlined above.
Kiparsky proposed that the exponential relationship could be accounted for by an exploded optimality constraint that would have the effect of processing clusters once, twice or three times. At this point however we are pulled up short.
The listener is free to interpret the stream of speech as involving one or two consonants at any time, since in spontaneous speech, degemination is automatic and obligatory. This would leave only the grammatical factor group unaccounted for. On the contrary, the consonants involved are primarily those that show no such allophonic differences in form. Stop plus glide and stop plus liquid follow in a slightly more marked status, but stop plus obstruent is not a possible onset of English. Perhaps the second element of a cluster is regularly relinked to a following onset.
Introduction This is a paper about a negative result, but it is not, I think, a negative paper. In the initial explorations of this topic, I have examined a wide range of speakers from many English dialects. They rest first on the existence of the well known sonority hierarchy.
The search for invariance normally relies upon access to linguistic norms through introspection and elicitation. Listen to the episode for ideas. If for example, every yes-no question of a language could be formulated by adding an interrogative particle to declarative sentences, no help from a linguist would be needed to describe this fact. Let us begin with the main arguments for resyllabification. But for the moment I would rather focus on the goal of contributing to the permanent body of empirical knowledge about language that proceeds from observation and experiment.
Make sure you exaggerate the final consonant when you say it. The target of our analysis is the proposition that resyllabification can account for the effect of the following environment on consonant cluster simplification. Kenstowicz is quite specific on this point.
Targeting Final Consonant Deletion Through Play - Activity Tailor
What Kiparsky, Guy and Reynolds are proposing implies is that the fast speech rules of connected speech may override the phonetic reflexes of word boundaries. In the Philadelphia study, Guy had found that the effect of final pause did not show the uniformity of the other constraints, but varied across dialects. These three all concern palatalization, which as we will see in studies of spontaneous speech, is the only phonetic domain where resyllabification is an active phonetic process.
Deletion of a consonant is equivalent to its failure to be associated with the segmental skeleton. This is a typical inverse misunderstanding. One source of evidence is the extent to which resyllabification produces misunderstandings. The study of variation therefore takes up where the search for invariance leaves off, or is abandoned. In these first studies, and all those that followed, it was assumed that deletion constraints should be formulated in terms of the natural classes of glides and liquids.
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